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The Skeletal System

Points of the Horse

The skeletal system

Muscular Section

Hoof Anatomy

Digestive System

Skeletal Structure of the Horse

1 Incisive bone (Premaxillary) 21 Costal arch
(line of last rib and costal cartilages)
42 Carpus
2 Nasal  bone 22 Tuber coxae 43 Metacarpus
3 Maxillary bone 23 Llium 44 Fetlock joint
4 Mandible 24 Pubis 45 Coffin joint
5 Orbit 25 Hip joint 46 Accessory carpal bone
6 Frontal bone 26 Femur, greater trochanter 47 Small metacarpal bone (splint bone)
7 Temporal fossa 27 Tuber ischii 48 Proximal sesamoid bone
8 Atlas (first cervical vertebra) 28 Ischium 49 First phalanx
9 Axis (second cervical vertebra) 29 Femur, third trochanter 50 Third phalanx (pedal bone)
10 Cervical vertebrae (there are 7 of these, including the Atlas and Axis) 30 Femur 51 Tibia
11 Scapular spine 31 Humeral tuberosity, lateral 52 Talus (tibial tarsal bone, astragalus)
12 Scapular cartilage 32 Humerus 53 Small metatarsal bone (splint bone)
13 Scapular 33 Sternum 54 Metatarsus
14 Thoracic vertebrae
(there are usually 18 of these)
34 Olecranon 55 Pastern joint
15 lumbar vertebrae (there are usually 6 of these) 35 Costal cartilages 56 Fibula
16 Tuber sacrale 36 Femoral trochlea 57 Calcaneus (Fibular tarsal bone)
17 Sacral vertebrae (there are usually 5 vertebrae fused together) 37 Stifle joint 58 Tarsus
18 Coccygeale vertebrae 38 Patella 59 Second phalanx
19 Shoulder joint 39 Elbow joint

PCAV Anatomy Section

20 Ribs
(forming wall of thorax there are usually 18 ribs)
40 Ulna

The skeletal system

 

41

Radius